Most petitions for divorce or seeking relief in a suit affecting the parent child relationship in Texas include a request for a two-week temporary restraining order. This is intended to maintain the status quo and prevent one spouse from taking any action that harms the other until a hearing may be held.

The temporary restraining order may prevent spouses from hiding money or spending money in abnormal ways. It also may prevent the interference of the use of the marital residence. The temporary restraining order cannot exclude a party from the home without special circumstances, and it prevents the changing of locks or any other type of exclusionary action. The temporary restraining order specifically excepts spending money for reasonable and necessary living expense, including attorneys’ fees, or business expenses of the parties.

Some counties utilize a standard temporary restraining order, called the Standing Order, in every family law case, including divorces, to automatically and mutually prohibit both spouses from taking certain actions upon filing of the case. The Standing Order is effective upon filing of the petition. The enforceability of the Standing Order may be questionable, so some lawyers may elect to request a temporary restraining order in addition to the standing order. Across the state, 76 counties utilize the Standing Order in lieu of the standard temporary restraining order. Of the larger counties, Dallas, Travis, and Bexar have Standing Orders, where Tarrant and Harris do not. Each county’s Standing Order may differ slightly. Be sure to check your county as to their policy on Standing Orders. The appendix contains a table with reference to the Standing Orders of various counties.

If your county does not have a Standing Order that applies automatically to family law cases, you can still be protected. Instead, parties must file a request for temporary restraining order, detailing the specific family law restraining orders that apply to the particular situation. If the requested order is not one of the laundry list of applicable restraining orders set forth in the Texas Family Code, then the party seeking the restraining order must include an affidavit supporting why the order is necessary under the specific circumstances of that particular case. Again, except in very unusual circumstances, the court will not issue an order removing someone from the marital residence until a hearing can be held. A case-specific temporary restraining order in this situation will last for 14 days, with the possibility of one 14-day extension, so a hearing must be held during that 14 day period to resolve the issues raised by the temporary restraining order.

Traditionally, there has been some question among lawyers about the enforceability of Standing Orders as compared to restraining orders. Recently, the Texas Legislature has codified enforcement of Standing Orders to provide greater remedies for enforcement.

STANDING ORDERS BY TEXAS COUNTY

The following information was compiled by Michelle May O’Neil of O’Neil Wysocki, P.C., Dallas, Texas, in January 2016, based on the information available at that time. Before you rely on this information, confirm with the county at issue whether this information remains accurate. Many courts update their policies and orders frequently. If you are a lawyer practicing in one of these counties and have updated information, please send it to me.

Anderson: No* (but see here)

Andrew: No

Angelin: No

Aransas: Yes

Archer: No

Armstrong: No

Atascosa: No

Austin: No

Bailey: No

Bandera: Yes

Bastrop: Yes

Baylor: No

Bee: Yes

Bell: Yes

Bexar: Yes

Blanco: Yes

Borden: No

Bosque: Yes

Bowie: No

Brazoria: No

Brazos: Yes

Brewster: No

Briscoe: No

Brooks: No

Brown: No

Burleson: No

Burnet: Yes

Caldwell: Yes

Calhoun: No

Callahan: No

Cameron: No

Camp: Yes

Carson: No

Cass: No

Castro: No

Chambers: Yes

Cherokee: No* (but see here)

Childress: No

Clay: No

Cochran: No

Coke: Yes

Coleman: No

Collin: Yes

Collingsworth: No

Colorado: Yes

Comal: Yes

Concho: Yes

Cooke: No

Coryell: Yes

Cottle: No

Crane: No

Crockett: No

Crosby: No

Culberson: No

Dallam: No

Dallas: Yes

Dawson: No

Deaf Smith: No

Delta: Yes

Denton: Yes

DeWitt: No

Dickens: No

Donley: No

Eastland: No

Ector: No

Edwards: No

El Paso: No

Ellis: Yes

Erath: Yes

Falls: No

Fannin: Yes

Fayette: No

Fisher: Yes

Floyd: No

Foard: No

Fort Bend: No

Franklin: Yes

Freestone: No* (but see here)

Frio: No

Gaines: No

Galveston: No

Garza: No

Gillespie: Yes

Glasscock: No

Goliad: No

Gonzales: Yes

Gray: No

Grayson: No

Gregg: No

Grimes: 12th and 278th District Courts: Yes; 506th District Court, Yes.

Guadalupe: Yes

Hale: No

Hall: No

Hamilton: No

Hansford: No

Hardeman: No

Hardin: No

Harris: No

Harrison: No

Hartley: No

Haskell: No

Hays: Yes

Henderson: No

Hidalgo: No

Hill: No

Hockley: No

Hood: Yes

Hopkins: Yes

Houston: No

Howard: No

Hudspeth: No

Hunt: No

Hutchinson: Yes

Irion: Yes

Jack: Yes

Jackson: No

Jasper: Yes

Jeff Davis: No

Jefferson: No

Jim Hogg: No

Jim Wells: No

Johnson: No

Jones: No

Karnes: No

Kaufman: Yes

Kendall: Yes

Kenedy: No* (but see here)

Kent: No

Kerr: Yes

Kimble: No

Kinney: No

Kleberg: No* (but see here)

Knox: No

LaSalle: No

Lamar: No* (but see here)

Lamb: No

Lampasas: No* (but see here)

Lavaca: Yes

Lee: No

Leon: Yes

Liberty: Yes

Limestone: No* (but see here)

Lipscomb: No

Live Oak: Yes

Llano: Yes

Lubbock: No

Lynn: No

Madison: Yes

Marion: No

Mason: No

Matagorda: No

Maverick: No

McCulloch: No

McLennan: Yes

McMullen: Yes

Medina: Yes

Menard: No

Midland: No

Milam: No

Mills: No

Mitchell: Yes

Montague: No

Montgomery: Yes

Moore: No

Morris: Yes

Motley: No

Nacogdoches: No

Navarro: Yes

Newton: Yes

Nolan: Yes

Nueces: Yes

Ochiltree: No

Oldham: No

Orange: No

Palo Pinto: No

Panola: No

Parker: No

Parmer: No

Pecos: No

Polk: Yes

Potter: No

Presidio: No

Raines: Yes

Randall: No

Reagan: No

Real: Yes

Red River: No

Refugio: No

Roberts: No

Robertson: No

Rockwall: Yes

Runnels: Yes

Rusk: No

Sabine: Yes

San Augustine: Yes

San Jacinto: No

San Patricio: Yes

San Saba: Yes

Schleicher: Yes

Scurry: No

Shackelford: No

Shelby: No

Sherman: No

Smith: No

Somervell: No

Starr: No

Stephens: Yes

Sterling: Yes

Sutton: No

Swisher: No

Tarrant: No

Taylor: No

Terrell: No

Terry: No

Throckmorton: No

Titus: Yes

Tom Greene: Yes

Travis: Yes

Trinity: No

Tyler: No

Upshur: No

Upton: No

Uvalde: Yes

Val Verde: No

Van Zandt: No

Victoria: No

Walker: Yes

Waller: Yes

Ward: No

Washington: No

Webb: Yes

Wharton: Yes

Wheeler: No

Wichita: No

Wilbarger: No

Willacy: No

Williamson: No

Wilson: No

Winkler: No

Wise: Yes

Wood: No

Yoakum: No

Young: Yes

Zapata: No

Zavala: No

 

HAT TIP to Patricia Orozco Hardy for her help in correcting the Grimes, Leon, Madison, and Walker County listings.

 

 

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Photo of Michelle O'Neil Michelle O'Neil

Michelle May O’Neil has 27 years’ experience representing small business owners, professionals, and individuals in litigation related to family law matters such as divorce, child custody, and complex property division. Described by one lawyer as “a lethal combination of sweet-and-salty”, Ms. O’Neil exudes…

Michelle May O’Neil has 27 years’ experience representing small business owners, professionals, and individuals in litigation related to family law matters such as divorce, child custody, and complex property division. Described by one lawyer as “a lethal combination of sweet-and-salty”, Ms. O’Neil exudes genuine compassion for her client’s difficulties, yet she can be relentless when in pursuit of a client’s goals. One judge said of Ms. O’Neil, “She cannot be out-gunned, out-briefed, or out-lawyered!”

Family Law Specialist

Ms. O’Neil became a board-certified family law specialist by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization in 1997 and has maintained her certification since that time. While representing clients in litigation before the trial court is an important part of her practice, Ms. O’Neil also handles appellate matters in the trial court, courts of appeals and Texas Supreme Court. Lawyers frequently consult with Ms. O’Neil on their litigation cases about specialized legal issues requiring particularized attention both at the trial court and appellate levels. This gives her a unique perspective and depth of perception that benefits both her litigation and appellate clients.

Top Lawyers in Texas and America

Ms. O’Neil has been named to the list of Texas SuperLawyers for many years, 2011-2018, a peer-voted honor given to only about 5% of the lawyers in the state of Texas. In 2014-2018, Ms. O’Neil received the special honor of being named by Texas SuperLawyers as one of the Top 50 Women Lawyers in Texas, Top 100 Lawyers in Texas, and Top 100 Lawyers in DFW. She was named one of the Best Lawyers in America for 2016 and received an “A-V” peer review rating by Martindale-Hubbell Legal Directories for the highest quality legal ability and ethical standards.

Author and Speaker

A noted author, Ms. O’Neil released her second book Basics of Texas Divorce Law in November 2010, with a second edition released in 2013, and a third edition expected in 2015.  Her first book, All About Texas Law and Kids, was published in September 2009 by Texas Lawyer Press. In 2012, Ms. O’Neil co-authored the booklets What You Need To Know About Common Law Marriage In Texas and Social Study Evaluations.  The State Bar of Texas and other providers of continuing education for attorneys frequently enlist Ms. O’Neil to provide instruction to attorneys on topics of her expertise in the family law arena.